year 3, Issue 2 (Fall & Winter 2018)                   CIAUJ 2018, 3(2): 47-61 | Back to browse issues page

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Mir Gholmai M, Keynejad M A, Alizadeh B. An Appraisal of the Tabriz Comprehensive Plan in terms of the Feasibility of Islamic Justice. CIAUJ. 2018; 3 (2) :47-61
1- Tabriz Islamic Art University ,
2- Sahand University of Technology
3- Tabriz Islamic Art University
Abstract:   (777 Views)
The dominance of the capitalist system on the struc­tures and processes of the urban planning system has led urban development patterns toward generating income. The prevalence of such this pattern has cre­ated a conflict between private and public interests. Attempt to resolve this conflict has led urban planning to the concept of spatial justice; so that spatial justice in urban planning has been defined as thinking about how to resolve conflicts between the public and pri­vate interests in the city. However, due to the de­pendence of the concept of spatial justice on worldview, it would be impossible to provide a uni­versal framework, nowlly. The concept of spatial jus­tice in view of leftist urban planners towards claiming of right and the rightist urban planners towards civil liberties has moved. Therefore, it seems that the presentation of a conceptual and practical framework based on Islamic worldview is necessary. This re­search is a developmental and fundamental research. It, on the one hand, seeks to explain a theoretical-operational framework of spatial justice in the Islamic city and, on the other hand, it seeks to assess spatial justice position in the structure and process of the urban planning system of Iran in general and the comprehensive plan document of Tabriz city in par­ticular. In this research to the assessment of spatial justice position in the content of the comprehensive plan document of Tabriz city (Approved 1395) has been addressed.
The methodology of research has been at ex­plaining stage of the theoretical-operational frame­work, the rational reasoning method; in the stage of documents content analysis, the discourse analysis method with emphasis on De Saussure semiotics and an assessment stage, balanced scorecard method.
The most important finding of this research is the development of an analytical framework for assessing the spatial justice in urban development plans; framework that its intellectual foundation is based on Islamic worldview. This study shows that spatial jus­tice in the Islamic city can be defined and evaluated through four criteria: "self-regulation", "the right to the city", "empowerment" and "spatial equilibrium".
The self-regulation means active control of resi­dents on urban development; the right of the people to the city means the equal right of all from right to urban life as a rich culture and diverse cultural envi­ronment without any discrimination (gender, age, health status, Income, nationality, race, immigration status or political and religious orientations); the em­powerment means development of human-environ­mental capabilities and, finally, The spatial equilib­rium has been defined in terms of the elimination of the disappearance of the layers of spatial poverty on human poverty. The evaluation of the content of the comprehensive plan of Tabriz city showed that the plan has been seek spatial justice through efficient and optimal use of land. Such view of the realization of spatial justice in the city, more than political, legal and social is a physical and economic view; and it can pave way for abuses of the private sector.
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